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P1136 Women and Heart Disease

Risk factors for heart Most risk factors can be managed to help make you healthier, but Risk factors are habits there are some you can’t change. and conditions that Risk factors you can’t change are: make heart disease 77 Family/sibling history of heart disease. If your mother or sister had heart trouble before age 65 or your father or more likely. The more brother before age 55, you’re at higher risk. you have, the higher 77Age. The older you are, the higher your risk. are your chances of heart attack and other problems. The risk factors you can manage include: 77High blood pressure. When blood pushes too hard against artery walls, it damages the artery lining. You’re at risk if your blood pressure is 120/80 or higher. 77Unhealthy cholesterol levels. Cholesterol is a fatty substance in the blood. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglycerides (both bad lipids, or fats) can build up in artery walls, narrowing the arteries. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (a good lipid) helps clear bad lipids away. You’re at risk if you have LDL of 100 mg/dL or higher. Talk with your doctor about the cholesterol and triglycerides levels that are right for you. 77Diabetes. Diabetes causes high blood sugar, which can damage blood vessels if not kept under control. Having diabetes also makes you more likely to have a silent heart attack—one without any symptoms. You’re at risk if your blood sugar level is above 110 mg/dL. 6


P1136 Women and Heart Disease
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