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P1136 Women and Heart Disease

Glossary Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): A test that records the way electrical signals move through the heart. Glucose: A type of sugar that your body converts food into so your cells can use it for energy. HDL cholesterol: “Good” cholesterol that helps remove LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and triglycerides from the blood. HDL stands for high-density lipoprotein. Heart disease: A disease in which damage to the heart or the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart keeps the heart from working properly. Heart failure: A condition that occurs when the heart doesn’t pump blood as well as it should. Heart failure can be a result of heart disease, heart attack, or uncontrolled high blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension): A disease in which blood pushes with too much force against artery walls as it moves through the arteries. This damages the arteries over time. Insulin: A hormone that controls blood sugar in the body. With diabetes, either the body doesn’t make any insulin or it can’t effectively use the insulin it does make. Ischemia: Reduced blood supply to an organ or tissue, such as the heart or leg muscles. Ischemia in the heart can lead to angina. If it occurs in the leg muscles, claudication can occur. LDL cholesterol: “Bad” cholesterol that can cause plaque to build up in artery walls. LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein. Lipids: Fats and fatty substances carried in the bloodstream. The body needs lipids for energy. But lipid levels that are too high raise the chance of heart attack and stroke. Lipoprotein profile: A blood test usually done after you’ve fasted for 8-10 hours that tells how much total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides are in your blood. 54


P1136 Women and Heart Disease
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