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P1136 Women and Heart Disease

A1C test: A type of blood test used to determine whether blood sugar is in a healthy range. Angina: Symptoms that occur when the heart muscle can’t get enough oxygen-rich blood. Angina often feels like pressure, tightness, or pain in the chest, arm, neck, shoulder or jaw. Angiogram: A special x-ray of blood vessels to see the amount of blockage. Angioplasty: A procedure to unclog blocked arteries, using a thin tube (catheter) with a balloon that inflates to open the artery. Arrhythmia: An abnormal (irregular) heart rhythm or rate. Artery: A blood vessel that carries oxygenrich blood from the heart to the body. Atherosclerosis: Buildup of plaque in arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart, brain, or parts of the body. It occurs when artery walls thicken and lose elasticity. Blood pressure: The amount of force blood exerts against the walls of your blood vessels. CABG (pronounced “cabbage”): Coronary artery bypass graft surgery. This surgery creates a new pathway for blood around narrowed arteries. Cholesterol: A fatty substance that can build up within artery walls. Some is made by the body; some enters the body through foods you eat. In people with heart disease, the level of cholesterol in the blood is often too high. Claudication: Refers to limping because of pain in the thigh, calf, and/or buttocks that occurs when walking. Claudication may be a symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Coronary arteries: The blood vessels that wrap around the heart. These supply the heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood. Coronary artery disease (CAD): A condition that occurs when the arteries that carry blood to the heart are narrowed. Also known as heart disease. Diabetes: A condition in which your body doesn’t make enough insulin to handle the sugar in the blood, or the body can’t use the insulin it makes, or both. Glossary 53


P1136 Women and Heart Disease
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