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P1215 Women and Heart Disease

77 N egative emotions. Emotions such as stress and pent-up anger have been linked to heart disease. Over time, these emotions could raise your heart disease risk. If you have heart disease, emotional problems such as anxiety and depression can make it worse. 77M etabolic syndrome. This is caused by a combination of certain risk factors. It puts you at extra high risk of heart disease and stroke. If you have three or more of these factors, you are said to have metabolic syndrome: • A high level of triglycerides, or more than 150 mg/dL • A low level of HDL (“good”) cholesterol, or below 40 mg/dL for men or 50 mg/dL for women • Abdominal obesity, or a waist circumference of greater than 35 inches for women, or greater than 40 inches for men • High blood pressure (130/80 mmHg or greater) • High blood sugar (110 mg/dL or greater) Controlling risk factors is the key to preventing illness and death from heart disease. Understanding the cardiovascular system Coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle. Like all other tissues in the body, the heart muscle needs oxygen-rich blood to function, and oxygendepleted blood must be carried away. The coronary arteries consist of two main arteries: the right and left coronary arteries, with the left dividing into two important arteries. Since coronary arteries deliver blood to the heart muscle, any coronary artery disorder or disease can have serious implications by reducing the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle, which may lead to a heart attack and possibly death. Atherosclerosis (a buildup of plaque in the inner lining of an artery causing it to narrow or become blocked) is the most common cause of heart disease. abcardio.org 5


P1215 Women and Heart Disease
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