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P1136 Women and Heart Disease

Chapter 5: Exercise and weight Did you know that … 77 there are 74.8 million overweight and obese adult women, representing 64 percent of the women in the United States? 77 60.2 percent of Caucasian women are overweight and 32.5 percent are obese? 77 81.9 percent of African-American women are overweight and 57.5 percent are obese? 77 78.8 percent of Mexican-American women are overweight and obese? 77 44.9 percent of adult women have total cholesterol of at least 200 mg/dL? Managing your weight Being overweight increases blood pressure and blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It also increases your risk for type 2 diabetes—and diabetes in itself increases your risk for clogged arteries and heart attack. By bringing your weight down to its optimal level, you’ll lower your cholesterol level and blood pressure, and make your body more sensitive to the effects of insulin. A body mass index (BMI) of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight. A BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese. To calculate your BMI, multiply your weight in pounds by 703. Divide the result by your height in inches, then divide that result by your height in inches again. Even if you need to lose a lot of weight, losing just 5 to 10 pounds can make a difference. 42


P1136 Women and Heart Disease
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