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P1136 Women and Heart Disease

The A1C test Many people with diabetes don’t even realize they have it until it becomes life threatening or leads to a serious complication. The only way to find out for sure whether you have diabetes is to have a blood test, called an A1C test. The A1C test measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 to 3 months. With diabetes, your body has trouble using a sugar called glucose for energy. As a result, the sugar level in your blood becomes too high. If not treated, high blood sugar can damage arteries and make other problems— such as high blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol—more dangerous. It can also lead to heart attack or stroke. To maintain heart health and keep your diabetes under control, focus on managing your blood sugar level. That means watching your diet, exercising, controlling your weight and taking medication if necessary. You’ll need to check your blood sugar level several times a day with a glucose meter, and have regular check-ups that include an A1C test. The A1C test is the best way to tell how you’re doing at controlling your glucose and insulin levels. © 2016 WomenHeart, ABC, CardioSmart, and StayWell. All rights reserved. Blood Sugar Test Results Download/print this PDF Date of test Result (mg/dL) My blood sugar measurement falls into this category (Put a check mark in the appropriate column). Healthy Normal (70-99) Impaired\glucose tolerance (100-125) Diabetes (126 or higher) My Blood Sugar Test Results (mg/dL) English Español A PATIENT RESOURCE GUIDE Women and Heart Disease Did you know that … 77More than 13 million women have diabetes? 77 11.8 percent of African-American women have diabetes? 77 13.9 percent of Mexican-American women have diabetes? 77 the risk for stroke is two to four times higher among people with diabetes? 77 smoking doubles the risk for heart disease in people with diabetes? 31


P1136 Women and Heart Disease
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