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P1215 Women and Heart Disease

C H A P T E R 10 OVERCOMING BARRIERS TO GOOD HEALTH There are several reasons ethnic groups may experience barriers to healthcare. These include: 77 Lack of healthcare insurance: The uninsured are more likely to encounter difficulty obtaining care and use fewer healthcare services. Many of the uninsured go without needed primary and preventive care that may avert a serious health issue. 77 G eography: In urban settings, a person may have to take two buses and the subway to get to her doctor. People in rural communities may have to travel several miles to a larger town to get appropriate care. 77 Language and culture: Effective communication can be difficult if the language and/or culture of the patient and the healthcare provider are different. 77 Low health literacy: Understanding medical terminology can be intimidating for some people. Take time to read educational brochures that you run across. They will help increase your health literacy, and guide you in understanding which questions to ask. Did you know that: 77 among Mexican-American women, 30.7 percent have cardiovascular disease? 77 among African-American women, 49.0 percent have cardiovascular disease? 77 60 percent of Hispanic women are sedentary and get no leisure time physical activity? 77 the same is true of 65 percent of African-American women? 77 28.8 percent of Mexican-American women over age 20 have high blood pressure? 77 more than 40 percent of African-American women have high blood pressure? 77 the prevalence of diabetes in Mexican-American women is almost two times higher than in Caucasian women? 77 African-American women are more than twice as likely to have been diagnosed with diabetes than non-Hispanic Caucasian women? 28 abcardio.org


P1215 Women and Heart Disease
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