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P1136 Women and Heart Disease

Chapter 2: Controlling cholesterol Cholesterol, a type of lipid, is a waxy, fat-like substance produced naturally and stored in the liver. Your body needs cholesterol to function normally, but you only need a small amount in your bloodstream. If you have too much cholesterol in your blood, your body stores the extra in your arteries, PLAY VIDEO including the coronary arteries. Cholesterol Cholesterol Screening Screening Cholesterol build-up narrows and Play video clogs the arteries, resulting in heart disease. As your cholesterol level increases, so does your risk for heart disease. Your total cholesterol level is made up of three parts. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) is often called the “bad” cholesterol. When the body has too much LDL, it can build up in artery walls. HDL (high-density lipoprotein) is known as the “good” cholesterol because it picks up leftover LDL from the arteries and carries it back to the liver to be used again. Triglycerides are fatty substances made by your liver from the food you eat. A high triglyceride level may lead to plaque buildup in arteries. 26


P1136 Women and Heart Disease
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