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P1215 Women and Heart Disease

INSIDE THE WORKBOOK Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chapter 1 Risk factors for heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Understanding the cardiovascular system . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 The symptoms of heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Is it angina or a heart attack? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Warning signs of heart attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Chapter 2 Managing high blood pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Blood pressure goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Risk factors for hypertension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Coping with stress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Your emotional health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Medications for high blood pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Tips for taking medication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Chapter 3 The risk of stroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Warning signs of stroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Chapter 4 Atrial fibrillation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Symptoms of atrial fibrillation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Tips to live safely with atrial fibrillation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Chapter 5 Controlling cholesterol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Wellness strategies to lower cholesterol . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Chapter 6 Diabetes and heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 The A1C test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Your family wellness plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Controlling blood sugar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Chapter 7 Healthy eating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 The dangers of fat and salt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Don’t forget the fiber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Understanding food labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Watching your portions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Shopping and dining out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Making healthy choices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Chapter 8 Exercise and weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Adding more activity to your day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Managing your weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Setting weight-loss goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Chapter 9 Smoking and heart disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Smoking and its effect on the heart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Creating a quit plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Working through withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Reward yourself . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Chapter 10 Overcoming barriers to good health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Health disparities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 What you can do . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Should you participate in a clinical trial? . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Comments and suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 DISCLAIMER: This guidebook is intended for informational purposes only, with the understanding that no one should rely upon this information as the basis for medical decisions. Anyone requiring medical or other healthcare services should consult a medical or healthcare professional. Any actions based on the information provided herein are entirely the responsibility of the user and/or of any medical or other healthcare professionals who advised such actions. Anyone who uses the suggested dietary and physical activity/exercise areas in this guidebook should consult a medical or healthcare provider before starting a diet or physical activity/exercise program. WomenHeart, ABC and CardioSmart have used reasonable efforts to include timely and accurate information in this guidebook. Accordingly, the sponsor, partners, producers, and others make no representations or warranties, expressed or implied, regarding the accuracy or completeness of the information provided herein and specifically disclaim any liability, expressed or implied, in connection therewith. This publication is brought to you as a public health service by ABC through an educational grant from Novartis. The Association of Black Cardiologists would like to acknowledge the following individuals that contributed to this patient resource: Michelle N. Johnson, MD, MPH, FACC Clinical Director of Cardiology, Fellowship Director of Cardio-oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) Attending Physician at the Memorial Hospital for Cancer and Allied Disease Co-Chair, CVD in Woman Committee Lynne Perry-Bottinger, MD, FACC President and CEO, Clinical and Interventional Cardiology PLLC Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Columbia and Cornell Universities Member, CVD in Women Committee Bola Sogade, MD, FAAFP, FACOG President and Chief Medical Officer ObGyne Consultants Co-Chair, CVD in Women Committee 2 abcardio.org


P1215 Women and Heart Disease
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