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P1215 Women and Heart Disease

C H A P T E R 6 DIABETES AND HEART DISEASE When you have diabetes, your body doesn’t produce insulin (a hormone that controls blood sugar) or your body doesn’t respond to its own insulin. Either way, your body has trouble regulating blood sugar. High blood sugar levels play a role in the development of heart disease. Diabetes and heart disease have other common risk factors, such as a sedentary lifestyle and being overweight. Lack of exercise and obesity can lead to insulin resistance and diabetes. They can also lead to high blood pressure, unhealthy arteries and heart disease. Diabetes can increase blood cholesterol and triglycerides. A buildup of fatty deposits in arteries can then lead to heart disease. Women with diabetes are more likely to have heart attacks, and are twice as likely as women without diabetes to die of some form of cardiovascular disease. The A1C test PLAY VIDEO Understanding Type 2 Diabetes Many people with diabetes don’t even realize they have it until it becomes life-threatening or leads to a serious complication. One way to find out for sure whether you have diabetes is to have a blood test, called an A1C test. The A1C test measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 to 3 months. Another way is to get a glucose tolerance test. With diabetes, your body has trouble using a sugar called glucose for energy. As a result, the sugar level in your blood becomes too high. If not treated, high blood sugar can damage arteries and make other problems—such as high blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol— more dangerous. It can also lead to heart attack or stroke. To maintain heart health and keep your diabetes under control, focus on managing your blood sugar level. That means watching your diet, exercising, controlling your weight and taking medication if necessary. You’ll need to check your blood sugar level several times a day with a glucose meter, and have regular check-ups that include an A1C test. The A1C test is the best way to tell how you’re doing at controlling your glucose and insulin levels. Date of test Result (mg/dL) © 2018 WomenHeart, ABC, CardioSmart, and StayWel . All rights reserved. My blood sugar measurement falls into this category (Put a check mark in the appropriate column). Healthy Normal (70-99) Impaired\glucose tolerance (100-125) Diabetes (126 or higher) My Blood Sugar Test Results (mg/dL) Blood Sugar Test Results Download/print this PDF ➠ 18 abcardio.org


P1215 Women and Heart Disease
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