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P1215 Women and Heart Disease

C H A P T E R 5 CONTROLLING CHOLESTEROL Cholesterol, a type of lipid, is a waxy, fat-like substance produced naturally and stored in the liver. Your body needs cholesterol to function normally, but you only need a small amount in your bloodstream. If you have too much cholesterol in your blood, your body stores the extra in your arteries, including the coronary arteries. Cholesterol build-up narrows and clogs the arteries, resulting in heart disease. As your cholesterol level increases, so does your risk for heart disease. Your total cholesterol level is made up of three parts. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) is often called the “bad” cholesterol. When the body has too much LDL, it can build up in artery walls. HDL (high-density lipoprotein) is known as the “good” cholesterol because it picks up leftover LDL from the arteries and carries it back to the liver to be used again. Triglycerides are fatty substances made by your liver from the food you eat. A high triglyceride level may lead to plaque buildup in arteries. Your healthcare provider can do a lipoprotein profile to measure your total cholesterol. A lipoprotein profile is a blood test that’s done after you’ve fasted for 8-10 hours. It tells how much total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides are in your blood. If your total cholesterol or LDL levels are too high, or your HDL level too low, your healthcare provider may prescribe medication to help bring your cholesterol to a healthier level. Talk with your healthcare provider about how often you should have a lipoprotein profile. My Cholesterol Levels Each time you have your cholesterol checked, record the results below. Bring this chart to your next healthcare exam and discuss the results with your healthcare provider. Date Total cholesterol HDL LDL © 2018 WomenHeart, ABC, CardioSmart, and StayWel . All rights reserved. Cholesterol Log Download/print this PDF ➠ 16 abcardio.org


P1215 Women and Heart Disease
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